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Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 13-14/2021

29.04.2021 | original article

Role of multi-detector computed tomography in severity assessment of cases of acute pancreatitis

verfasst von: PS Saneesh, UC Garga, Arun Kumar Gupta, Dr. Raghav Yelamanchi

Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift | Ausgabe 13-14/2021

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Summary

Background

The mortality and morbidity of acute pancreatitis is high, especially in the severe variant. The present study was performed to study the role of multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) in grading the severity of acute pancreatitis and to compare the scoring system with the revised Atlanta classification (RAC) and with the outcomes of acute pancreatitis.

Material and methods

A single-centre cross-sectional observational study was conducted between November 2017 and March 2019 with a sample size of 152 patients. Patients underwent a 128-slice contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) of the whole abdomen. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores were calculated for all cases. Patients were followed until discharge or death and the outcomes such as hospital stay, intensive care unit (ICU) stay, evidence of organ failure, infection, need for intervention and death were tested with the modified computed tomography severity index (MCTSI) and RAC.

Results

Males constituted the majority of the study population (2.4:1). As per MCTSI, 25 patients (16.5%) had mild pancreatitis, 49 (32.2%) had moderately severe pancreatitis and 78 (51.3%) had severe acute pancreatitis. There was a good concordance between MCTSI and RAC. There was a statistically significant association of MCTSI and RAC with hospital stay, need for ICU stay, organ failure and requirement for intervention; however, there was no statistically significant association with infectious complications and mortality.

Conclusion

The MDCT is a very useful investigation in the diagnosis and management of acute pancreatitis. The threshold to opt for MDCT imaging in acute pancreatitis should be low for performing the timely interventions required in acute pancreatitis.

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Metadaten
Titel
Role of multi-detector computed tomography in severity assessment of cases of acute pancreatitis
verfasst von
PS Saneesh
UC Garga
Arun Kumar Gupta
Dr. Raghav Yelamanchi
Publikationsdatum
29.04.2021
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift / Ausgabe 13-14/2021
Print ISSN: 0043-5325
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-7671
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-021-01870-7