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Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 13-14/2021

03.06.2021 | original article

Noninvasive ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome is a potential risk factor for retinopathy of prematurity

Single Slovenian tertiary center study

verfasst von: Sara Hanuna, Meta Rus, Irena Štucin Gantar, Vanja Erčulj, Manca Tekavčič Pompe, MD, PhD Professor Štefan Grosek

Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift | Ausgabe 13-14/2021

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Summary

Retinopathy of prematurity (nROP) among extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGAN) in Slovenia has increased in recent years. At the same time mortality has further decreased and less invasive approaches for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome have been established. With the aim to study the possible association between the incidence of ROP and the duration of noninvasive ventilation, this retrospective study comprised ELGANs born during the first period (2010/2011), when invasive respiratory support was the prevalent method and in the second period (2015/2016), when noninvasive respiratory support was adopted. The results showed that the duration of noninvasive ventilation is a potential risk factor for ROP. Controlling for known risk factors for ROP and then adjusting for gestational age, number of transfusions and fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2), the odds of ROP were 1.22 times greater (95% confidence interval, CI 1.01–1.48) with every additional week of noninvasive ventilation (p = 0.03).
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Metadaten
Titel
Noninvasive ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome is a potential risk factor for retinopathy of prematurity
Single Slovenian tertiary center study
verfasst von
Sara Hanuna
Meta Rus
Irena Štucin Gantar
Vanja Erčulj
Manca Tekavčič Pompe
MD, PhD Professor Štefan Grosek
Publikationsdatum
03.06.2021
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift / Ausgabe 13-14/2021
Print ISSN: 0043-5325
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-7671
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-021-01883-2

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