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11.02.2022 | review article

Recurrent gestational diabetes

Breaking the transgenerational cycle with lifestyle modification

verfasst von: Dr. Thomas Liney, Dr. Nishel M. Shah, Dr. Natasha Singh

Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift | Ausgabe 21-22/2022

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Summary

Purpose

This literature review is aimed at examining the benefits of lifestyle modifications in preventing recurrent gestational diabetes (GDM). Worldwide GDM affects approximately 16.2% of all pregnancies with significant maternal, fetal and neonatal complications. Almost two thirds of pregnant women with GDM will develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the years following pregnancy. The proportion of women affected by GDM is on the rise and reflects increasing trends in T2DM as well as adult and childhood obesity.

Methods

Using predefined subject headings, we searched for relevant articles from the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases.

Results

For high-risk women lifestyle modifications, such as dietary and exercise changes, are the mainstay of treatment to reduce negative outcomes for both women and their pregnancies. This includes reducing the incidence of recurrent GDM and future T2DM by intervening during pregnancy and in the postnatal period.

Conclusion

This review provides an overview of the literature to date, discusses different targeted approaches and how these interventions can optimise their benefits, and where further research is required.
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Metadaten
Titel
Recurrent gestational diabetes
Breaking the transgenerational cycle with lifestyle modification
verfasst von
Dr. Thomas Liney
Dr. Nishel M. Shah
Dr. Natasha Singh
Publikationsdatum
11.02.2022
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift / Ausgabe 21-22/2022
Print ISSN: 0043-5325
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-7671
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-022-02004-3

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