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04.03.2020 | original article | Ausgabe 5-6/2020

Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 5-6/2020

Self-assessment of medical students and young physicians in training

Self-confidence of clinical competencies and working or learning environment

Zeitschrift:
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift > Ausgabe 5-6/2020
Autoren:
MD FESC Thomas Lambert, Hermann Blessberger, Alexander Fellner, Clemens Steinwender, Ara Tekian
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00508-020-01623-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Summary

Background

In 2015 medical training regulations have been restructured for postgraduate medical training in Austria resulting in a significant shortening of the training period. Furthermore, a restriction of working hours for physicians to 48 h per week was implemented affecting the framework of postgraduate medical training. The aim of this study was to obtain a self-assessment of students and young physicians in Austria regarding their self-confidence in clinical skills and their working and learning environment.

Methods

In this study 6th year medical students, physicians in their basic training (common trunk), physicians in family medicine training, and residents in their first 18 months of training were asked to participate in a survey. Self-reported data were collected for five different prespecified domains (communication, motor skills, knowledge, documentation, and emergency).

Results

In all domains, self-confidence increased significantly during medical training. Analysis further revealed better results of residents compared with all other groups in all domains, whereas physicians in family medicine training only rated themselves better in the documentation domain (p = 0.010); however, the interest in family medicine was low, even among physicians in family medicine training. The workload significantly increased during medical education, with the highest stress levels for physicians in family medicine training and residents (p = 0.001).

Conclusions

Self-confidence of young physicians but also their stress levels increased during the medical training. Further studies are needed to answer the question why the interest in family medicine was so unexpectedly low in this cohort.

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