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Erschienen in: European Surgery 6/2015

01.12.2015 | Original Article

Season and vitamin D status do not affect probability for surgical site infection after colorectal surgery

verfasst von: O.A. Turan, MD R. Babazade, MD Y. Eshraghi, MS J. You, MD Prof. A. Turan, MD Prof. F. Remzi

Erschienen in: European Surgery | Ausgabe 6/2015

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Summary

Background

Regardless of reports on the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and seasonal effects in the general population and significant worsening of many outcomes there is a scarcity of studies focusing on surgical patients. We, therefore, designed a study to assess the association and difference in surgical-wound infections between patients having colorectal surgery in winter compared with patients having surgery in summer months.

Methods

Patients were divided into winter and summer surgical procedures depending on their date of surgery. The relationship between seasons (and Vitamin D) and primary outcome of wound infections using multivariable logistic regression was assessed.

Results

Out of 2919 patients, 241 (7.7 %) experience surgical site infection. The observed incidence of any surgical site infection postoperatively was 6.8 %, 9.9 %, 7.3 %, and 8.2 % for patients having surgery in spring, summer, fall, and winter, respectively. Furthermore, vitamin D concentration was not associated with incidence of surgical site infection (Odds Ratio (OR): 0.51(0.01, 27) for a one-unit increase in vitamin D concentration; p = 0.74).

Conclusion

Our analysis suggests that perioperative vitamin D concentration is not associated with surgical site infections in colorectal surgical patients, likely because the outcomes are overwhelmingly determined by other baseline and surgical factors.
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Metadaten
Titel
Season and vitamin D status do not affect probability for surgical site infection after colorectal surgery
verfasst von
O.A. Turan
MD R. Babazade
MD Y. Eshraghi
MS J. You
MD Prof. A. Turan
MD Prof. F. Remzi
Publikationsdatum
01.12.2015
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
European Surgery / Ausgabe 6/2015
Print ISSN: 1682-8631
Elektronische ISSN: 1682-4016
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10353-015-0360-6