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01.12.2015 | Case Report | Ausgabe 6/2015

European Surgery 6/2015

Metastatic urinary bladder transitional cell carcinoma to the oral cavity and oropharynx

Zeitschrift:
European Surgery > Ausgabe 6/2015
Autoren:
MBBS M. Chee, MMed (ENT) A. See, FRCS, MPH (Johns Hopkins) M. Teo

Summary

Background

Distant metastasis from urinary bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is a well-reported phenomenon, most commonly occurring in osseous and pulmonary sites. In contrast, metastasis to oral and/or oropharyngeal soft tissues is extremely rare.

Methods

We present a case of a 75-year-old gentleman with treated urinary bladder TCC who presented 4 years later with a base of tongue metastasis and airway compromise necessitating a tracheostomy. A systematic review of all previously reported cases of metastatic urinary bladder TCC to the oral cavity and/or oropharynx in the English literature was performed and a summary presented.

Results

A total of six cases, including ours, of the aforementioned presentation have been reported in English literature.

Conclusions

This is the first systematic review of all previously reported cases of metastatic urinary bladder TCC to the oral cavity and/or oropharynx in the English literature. It is an extremely rare phenomenon with a uniformly dismal prognosis.

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