The retroperitoneal necrotizing fasciitis is an extremely rare, usually lethal clinical entity and there are very few reported cases. If necrotizing fasciitis affects the retroperitoneum, a nonspecific signs and symptoms associate a higher mortality. For this reason, the diagnostic suspicion and the early surgical debridement are basic for a satisfactory result.
We present a case report of a 35-year-old black man admitted to the emergency room transferred from a county hospital. He developed an extensive retroperitoneal necrotizing fasciitis due to a Fournier’s gangrene.
The patient was managed successfully by aggressive debridement and negative pressure therapy to control the extensive necrosis of the retroperitoneum, perineum, and scrotum.
In retroperitoneal necrotizing fasciitis and Fournier’s gangrene, an early diagnosis and treatment are the key factors for being successful. An extensive surgical debridement to healthy tissue associated with a broad-spectrum antibiotic is the mainstay of the treatment.