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Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 17-18/2015

01.09.2015 | original article

Length and weight of newborns in Croatia from 1985 to 2009

verfasst von: PhD Hrvojka Soljacic Vranes, MD Ivka Djakovic

Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift | Ausgabe 17-18/2015

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Summary

Background

Constitutional characteristics of humans are changing. People are becoming taller and they weigh more. These changes influence birth weight and birth length as well.

Methods

A study was conducted on 2414 mothers and their newborns from 1985 to 2009 in Zagreb, Croatia, to establish a secular change in the weight and length of infants and the factors that are most related to these changes.

Results

Birth weight has increased significantly in the past 25 years, and it is higher in male newborns. Taller mothers, with higher weight and body mass index, deliver newborns with higher birth weight. Weight gain in pregnancy has positive impact on birth weight. Multiparas and older and more educated women deliver newborns with higher weight. Birth weight does not depend on father’s education. The number of newborns with birth weight more than 4000 g is increasing, but not significantly. Birth length was not significantly higher. Birth length is higher in male newborns, in newborns with higher birth weight and newborns of older and more educated mothers.

Conclusion

Better life conditions and better health care improves population constitutional characteristics that have implications in higher birth weight and birth length. This could be an important change that influences delivery modalities.
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Metadaten
Titel
Length and weight of newborns in Croatia from 1985 to 2009
verfasst von
PhD Hrvojka Soljacic Vranes
MD Ivka Djakovic
Publikationsdatum
01.09.2015
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift / Ausgabe 17-18/2015
Print ISSN: 0043-5325
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-7671
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-014-0686-2

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