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Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 3-4/2014

01.02.2014 | original article

Nutrition and health: different forms of diet and their relationship with various health parameters among Austrian adults

verfasst von: MA Univ.-Ass. Mag. Nathalie Tatjana Burkert, Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Freidl, Dr. Franziska Großschädel, Dr. Johanna Muckenhuber, Prof. Dr. Willibald J. Stronegger, Prof. Dr. Éva Rásky

Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift | Ausgabe 3-4/2014

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Summary

Population-based studies report a beneficial health effect and a lower mortality rate for diets rich in fruits and vegetables. Therefore, the aim of our study was to analyze differences between various forms of diet and health-related variables. The sample for this study was taken from the Austrian Health Interview Survey 2006/07 (N = 15,474). Multivariate analyses of variance adjusted by sex, age, and socioeconomic status (SES) were conducted to examine health-related behavior, health, and quality of life depending on different forms of diet. Additionally, differences in the SES and body mass index (BMI) were analyzed. Our results show that a vegetarian diet is associated with a better health-related behavior, a lower BMI, and a higher SES. Subjects eating a carnivorous diet less rich in meat self-report poorer health, a higher number of chronic conditions, an enhanced vascular risk, as well as lower quality of life. In conclusion, our results have shown that consuming a diet rich in fruits and vegetables is associated with better health and health-related behavior. Therefore, public health programs are needed for reducing the health risks associated with a carnivorous diet.
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Metadaten
Titel
Nutrition and health: different forms of diet and their relationship with various health parameters among Austrian adults
verfasst von
MA Univ.-Ass. Mag. Nathalie Tatjana Burkert
Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Freidl
Dr. Franziska Großschädel
Dr. Johanna Muckenhuber
Prof. Dr. Willibald J. Stronegger
Prof. Dr. Éva Rásky
Publikationsdatum
01.02.2014
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift / Ausgabe 3-4/2014
Print ISSN: 0043-5325
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-7671
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-013-0483-3