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Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 7-8/2016

01.04.2016 | original article

Influence of tobacco smoking on dental periapical condition in a sample of Croatian adults

verfasst von: DMD Romana Peršić Bukmir, DMD Marija Jurčević Grgić, PhD Assoc. Prof. Gordana Brumini, PhD, DMD Assoc. Prof. Stjepan Spalj, DMD, PhD Prof. Sonja Pezelj-Ribaric, DMD, PhD Assoc. Prof. Ivana Brekalo Pršo

Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift | Ausgabe 7-8/2016

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Summary

Background

Since current evidences support a negative influence of tobacco smoking on the periodontal bone, an increased prevalence or severity of periapical lesions would be expected among smokers. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference in the periapical status of endodontically treated and untreated teeth in current smokers and never-smokers.

Methods

The cross-sectional study included 259 subjects, 108 current smokers and 151 never-smokers, presenting as new patients at the Dental Clinic of the Clinical Hospital Centre Rijeka, Croatia. The periapical index (PAI) was used to assess the periapical status of all teeth, excluding third molars.

Results and conclusions

Current smokers had higher fraction of teeth with apical periodontitis (AP) than never-smokers (0.13 vs. 0.10; P = 0.025), while fractions of endodontically treated teeth and endodontically treated teeth with AP did not differ significantly. When overall number of teeth was controlled for, smokers were 16.4 times more likely to have AP than a non-smokers (95% CI: 5.7–47.7; P < 0.001) and if a person was male, he was 3.1 times more likely to have AP than if the person was female (95% CI: 1.1–8.9; P = 0.039). The probability of AP increases with increase of age. Smokers will on average have two teeth with AP more than non-smokers, while controlling for gender, age and overall number of teeth.
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Metadaten
Titel
Influence of tobacco smoking on dental periapical condition in a sample of Croatian adults
verfasst von
DMD Romana Peršić Bukmir
DMD Marija Jurčević Grgić
PhD Assoc. Prof. Gordana Brumini
PhD, DMD Assoc. Prof. Stjepan Spalj
DMD, PhD Prof. Sonja Pezelj-Ribaric
DMD, PhD Assoc. Prof. Ivana Brekalo Pršo
Publikationsdatum
01.04.2016
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift / Ausgabe 7-8/2016
Print ISSN: 0043-5325
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-7671
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-015-0910-8

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