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20.09.2022 | review

Exercise training and depression and anxiety in musculoskeletal pain patients: a meta-analysis of randomized control trials

verfasst von: Sohrab Amiri

Erschienen in: neuropsychiatrie

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Summary

Background

Depression and anxiety in patients with musculoskeletal pain harm health and exercise can be effective in improving the condition of these patients. This study was aimed at systematically reviewing and providing a meta-analysis of the effect of exercise training on improving depression and anxiety in patients with musculoskeletal pain.

Methods

The search was done in three databases including PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar up to August 2021. For each of the studies included in the meta-analysis, the mean, standard deviation, and sample size were extracted in the post-test, and the effect size was calculated. Publication bias and heterogeneity were assessed in studies at the end of the analysis.

Results

Nineteen randomized control trials were included in the meta-analysis. Exercise training has a positive effect on depression in patients with musculoskeletal pain, so exercise reduces depression and Hedges’ g was equal to −0.21, with confidence intervals of −0.40, −0.02. Exercise training has a positive effect on anxiety in patients with musculoskeletal pain, so exercise reduces anxiety and Hedges’ g was equal to −0.63, with confidence intervals of −1.08, −0.19.

Conclusions

It was found that exercise training is effective in improving depression and anxiety in patients with musculoskeletal pain and therefore this treatment should be given more attention from clinical specialists.
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Metadaten
Titel
Exercise training and depression and anxiety in musculoskeletal pain patients: a meta-analysis of randomized control trials
verfasst von
Sohrab Amiri
Publikationsdatum
20.09.2022
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
neuropsychiatrie
Print ISSN: 0948-6259
Elektronische ISSN: 2194-1327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40211-022-00431-2