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Pulmologie 14. Dezember 2015

Life-threatening acute pneumonitis in mixed connective tissue disease: a case report and literature review

Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is a rare connective tissue disease frequently involving the lungs. The main characteristic is a systemic sclerosis-like picture of slowly progressing interstitial lung disease consistent with lung fibrosis, while pulmonary arterial hypertension is rare. Herein, we present a case of a newly diagnosed MCTD patient developing life-threatening acute pneumonitis similar to lupus pneumonitis. Previous literature on this exceptionally rare complication of MCTD is reviewed and differential diagnosis and management discussed.

Eva Rath, Shahin Zandieh, Alexander Löckinger, Mirko Hirschl, Klaus Klaushofer, Jochen Zwerina, Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 19/20/2015

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