Factors associated with motor performance among overweight and nonoverweight Tyrolean primary school children
Background: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among children is often associated with motor deficits. Motor performance among children partly depends on modifiable factors, for example, weight status, electronic media use, sports club participation, and on nonmodifiable factors, for example, sex, age, migration background, or socio-economic status.
Aim: To evaluate factors associated with motor performance among overweight and nonoverweight Tyrolean primary school children.
Methods: Height, weight, and sport motor performance of primary school children were measured using the German motor performance test DMT 6–18. In addition, children were asked about migration background, sports club participation, and electronic media use in their room.
Results: A total of 304 children (48.7 % girls) with a mean age of 8.0 ± 1.2 years were tested. In total, 61 (20.1 %) children were overweight or obese. Regarding motor performance, nonoverweight children showed significantly higher total z-scores (106.8 ± 5.7 vs. 102.4 ± 6.8).