Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

01.02.2019 | original article | Ausgabe 2/2019 Open Access

neuropsychiatrie 2/2019

Transcultural differences of psychologically traumatised children and adolescents

Zeitschrift:
neuropsychiatrie > Ausgabe 2/2019
Autoren:
Amesh K. Shrestha, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic, Christian Popow, Susanne Ohmann, M.D. Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci
Wichtige Hinweise
Amesh K. Shrestha and Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic have contributed equally to this paper.

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Summary

Background

The symptoms following a traumatic event as well as the coping strategies can be culture specific. The objective of the present study was to analyse the transcultural differences of psychologically traumatized children and adolescents with and without migration background.

Methods

The medical files of 199 psychologically traumatized children and adolescents (99 native Austrian, 100 Turkish-speaking) who were treated at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Vienna were retrospectively analysed.

Results

The most frequently observed causes of trauma in patients with Turkish migration background were intra-familial conflicts, forced separation from parent(s), and conforming to a new environment. In native Austrian patients, forced separation from parent(s) and divorce or separation of parents were the leading causes of trauma. Trauma-related symptoms like changed mood, cognitive and perceptual disturbance, social withdrawal, sleeping problems, somatisation and behavioural problems were similarly observed in both groups; “sleeping problems” were more often observed in Austrian patients, and “behavioural problems” were more often observed in Turkish patients. More Austrian patients (32.7%) obtained psychiatric and psychotherapeutic treatment. Turkish-speaking patients mostly obtained psychiatric treatment only. Patients with migration background were more compliant compared to indigenous patients.

Conclusions

Both study groups differed in type, causes and symptoms of trauma, and in preferred therapy. Turkish-speaking patients were more compliant with therapy, as they received culture and language-sensitive medical advice and treatment in their mother tongue. Considering the cultural background of patients can optimize service delivery and therapy outcomes among children and adolescents with stressful and traumatic experiences.
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2019

neuropsychiatrie 2/2019 Zur Ausgabe

bericht aus dem ögkjp-vorstand

Bericht aus dem Vorstand der ÖGKJP

bericht aus dem ögpp-vorstand

Bericht aus dem Vorstand

interview - kontroversen in der psychiatrie

Braucht jede Depression ein Antidepressivum?