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01.04.2015 | original article | Ausgabe 7-8/2015

Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 7-8/2015

Time: an underestimated variable in minimizing the gender gap in medical college admission scores

Zeitschrift:
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift > Ausgabe 7-8/2015
Autoren:
PhD, PhD, MPH Marion Habersack, MD Hans Peter Dimai, MSc Daniel Ithaler, DSc Prof. Gilbert Reibnegger
Wichtige Hinweise
Marion Habersack, PhD, PhD, is a senior scientist, Office of the Vice Rector for Teaching and Studies, Medical University of Graz, Austria.
Hans-Peter Dimai, MD, is the Vice Rector for Teaching and Studies, Medical University of Graz, Austria.
Daniel Ithaler, MSc, is an officer for quality of examinations and assessments, Organizational Unit for Studies and Teaching, Medical University of Graz, Austria.
Gilbert Reibnegger, DSc, is a professor of Medical Chemistry at the Institute of Physiological Chemistry, Center for Physiological Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria.

Summary

Background

Results of medical college admission tests in Austria demonstrate the slightly worse performance of women, and are the basis for discussions around fairness and a basic science knowledge gap among female applicants.

Purpose

The purpose of this article was to investigate a basic science knowledge gap among female candidates of the admission test at the Medical University of Graz, and to evaluate whether the point of time of taking the examination has an influence on the test results.

Methods

Observational investigations of the results of the admission test at the Medical University of Graz were performed. A total of 3405 applicants were included in the study. Statistical analyses were performed by routine methods.

Results

Male Austrian applicants are invariably more successful than female Austrian applicants when they pass the admission test immediately after completing secondary education. When female as well as male candidates pass the admission test 1 year after completion of secondary education, the differences in the results are no longer statistically significant.

Conclusions

A basic science knowledge gap in the Austrian applicants can be confirmed. The variable time can be interpreted as an opportunity for the reduction of a basic science knowledge gap.

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