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Erschienen in: Journal für Gynäkologische Endokrinologie/Schweiz 1/2018

01.03.2018 | Menopause heute und morgen

„Role of Dietary Protein and Muscular Fitness on Longevity and Aging“

Interview mit Univ.-Doz. Dr. Dr. MPH M. Sc. Barbara Prüller-Strasser, Senior Investigator Scientist, Biozentrum, Medizinische Universität Innsbruck, Österreich

verfasst von: Dr. Allessandra Tramontana, MPH Univ.-Doz. Dr. Dr. Barbara Prüller-Strasser

Erschienen in: Journal für Gynäkologische Endokrinologie/Schweiz | Ausgabe 1/2018

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Muscle atrophy is an unfortunate effect of aging and many diseases and can compromise physical function and impair vital metabolic processes. Low levels of muscular fitness together with insufficient dietary intake are major risk factors for illness and mortality from all causes. Ultimately, muscle wasting contributes significantly to weakness, disability, increased hospitalization, immobility, and loss of independence. However, the extent of muscle wasting differs greatly between individuals due to differences in the aging process per se as well as physical activity levels. Interventions for sarcopenia include exercise and nutrition because both have a positive impact on protein anabolism but also enhance other aspects that contribute to well-being in sarcopenic older adults, such as physical function, quality of life, and anti-inflammatory state. The process of aging is accompanied by chronic immune activation, and sarcopenia may represent a consequence of a counterregulatory strategy of the immune system. Thereby, the kynurenine pathway is induced, and elevation in the ratio of kynurenine to tryptophan concentrations, which estimates the tryptophan breakdown rate, is often linked with inflammatory conditions and neuropsychiatric symptoms. A combined exercise program consisting of both resistance-type and endurance-type exercise may best help to ameliorate the loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, to prevent muscle aging comorbidities, and to improve physical performance and quality of life. In addition, the use of dietary protein supplementation can further augment protein anabolism but can also contribute to a more active lifestyle, thereby supporting well-being and active aging in the older population. (Aus [ 1])
Metadaten
Titel
„Role of Dietary Protein and Muscular Fitness on Longevity and Aging“
Interview mit Univ.-Doz. Dr. Dr. MPH M. Sc. Barbara Prüller-Strasser, Senior Investigator Scientist, Biozentrum, Medizinische Universität Innsbruck, Österreich
verfasst von
Dr. Allessandra Tramontana
MPH Univ.-Doz. Dr. Dr. Barbara Prüller-Strasser
Publikationsdatum
01.03.2018
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Journal für Gynäkologische Endokrinologie/Schweiz / Ausgabe 1/2018
Print ISSN: 1995-6924
Elektronische ISSN: 2520-8500
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s41975-018-0032-6

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