Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

Erschienen in: neuropsychiatrie 1/2014

01.03.2014 | original article

Responses to conflict, family loss and flight: posttraumatic stress disorder among unaccompanied refugee minors from Africa

verfasst von: Sabine Völkl-Kernstock, Niranjan Karnik, Michaela Mitterer-Asadi, Elisabeth Granditsch, Hans Steiner, Max H. Friedrich, Julia Huemer

Erschienen in: neuropsychiatrie | Ausgabe 1/2014

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
share
TEILEN

Abstract

Objective

To investigate African unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) living in Austria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence and related symptoms, comorbidity, demographics and coping strategies.

Method

“UCLA PTSD Index and inventories” and “Scales for Children Afflicted by War and Persecution (SCWP)” were used to assess 41 African URMs.

Results

The study revealed lower PTSD rates than measured among URMs in previous studies. Girls were more likely to develop PTSD. PTSD was significantly correlated with single war-related traumatic events. The depression score for the sample was above the clinical cut-off value.

Conclusions

Trauma-specific psychopathology was less severe than reported in other studies. These findings could be explained by concepts of resilience. Other implications, such as response bias, are discussed.
Literatur
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Schaal S, Elbert T. Ten years after the genocide: trauma confrontation and posttraumatic stress in Rwandan adolescents. J Trauma Stress. 2006;19(1):95–105. PubMedCrossRef Schaal S, Elbert T. Ten years after the genocide: trauma confrontation and posttraumatic stress in Rwandan adolescents. J Trauma Stress. 2006;19(1):95–105. PubMedCrossRef
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Thabe AA, Abu Tawahina A, et al. Exposure to war trauma and PTSD among parents and children in the Gaza strip. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008;17(4):191–99. CrossRef Thabe AA, Abu Tawahina A, et al. Exposure to war trauma and PTSD among parents and children in the Gaza strip. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008;17(4):191–99. CrossRef
5.
7.
Zurück zum Zitat Wiese EB, Burhorst I. The mental health of asylum-seeking and refugee children and adolescents attending a clinic in the Netherlands. Transcult Psychiatry. 2007;44(4):596–613. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Wiese EB, Burhorst I. The mental health of asylum-seeking and refugee children and adolescents attending a clinic in the Netherlands. Transcult Psychiatry. 2007;44(4):596–613. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Steinberg AM, Brymer MJ, et al. The University of California at Los Angeles post-traumatic stress disorder reaction index. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2006;6(2):96–100. CrossRef Steinberg AM, Brymer MJ, et al. The University of California at Los Angeles post-traumatic stress disorder reaction index. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2006;6(2):96–100. CrossRef
9.
Zurück zum Zitat Layne CM, Saltzman WR, et al. Effectiveness of a school-based group psychotherapy program for war-exposed adolescents: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008;47(9):1048–62. PubMedCrossRef Layne CM, Saltzman WR, et al. Effectiveness of a school-based group psychotherapy program for war-exposed adolescents: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2008;47(9):1048–62. PubMedCrossRef
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Bayer CP, Klasen F, Adam H. Association of trauma and PTSD symptoms with openness to reconciliation and feelings of revenge among former Ugandan and Congolese child soldiers. JAMA. 2007;298(5):555–9. Bayer CP, Klasen F, Adam H. Association of trauma and PTSD symptoms with openness to reconciliation and feelings of revenge among former Ugandan and Congolese child soldiers. JAMA. 2007;298(5):555–9.
11.
Zurück zum Zitat Betancourt TS, Khan KT. The mental health of children affected by armed conflict: protective processes and pathways to resilience. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2008;20(3):317–28. PubMedCrossRef Betancourt TS, Khan KT. The mental health of children affected by armed conflict: protective processes and pathways to resilience. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2008;20(3):317–28. PubMedCrossRef
12.
Zurück zum Zitat Plattner B, Karnik N, et al. State and trait emotions in delinquent adolescents. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2007;38(2):155–69. PubMedCrossRef Plattner B, Karnik N, et al. State and trait emotions in delinquent adolescents. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2007;38(2):155–69. PubMedCrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Responses to conflict, family loss and flight: posttraumatic stress disorder among unaccompanied refugee minors from Africa
verfasst von
Sabine Völkl-Kernstock
Niranjan Karnik
Michaela Mitterer-Asadi
Elisabeth Granditsch
Hans Steiner
Max H. Friedrich
Julia Huemer
Publikationsdatum
01.03.2014
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
neuropsychiatrie / Ausgabe 1/2014
Print ISSN: 0948-6259
Elektronische ISSN: 2194-1327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40211-013-0094-2