To analyse the correlates between the quality of life and chronic diseases and socio-demographic characteristics of patients in family medicine with a special emphasis on depression, panic syndrome, other anxiety syndrome and alcoholism.
In a longitudinal study, the data set of 516 family practice attendees recruited from 60 family practices was analysed. Depression, panic syndrome, other anxiety syndrome and alcoholism were diagnosed using appropriate diagnostic interviews. Quality of life was assessed using the SF-12 questionnaire, measuring a mental health score and a physical health score. Data about the number of chronic somatic diseases were obtained from the patients’ medical records.
Physical health score was negatively associated with higher age (β = − 0.25, p < 0.001), depression (β = − 0.20, p < 0.001) and number of chronic somatic diseases (β = −0.10, p < 0.016) and positively associated with higher education level (β = 0.21, p < 0.001), single marital status (β = 0.09, p < 0.022) and better financial status (β = 0.14, p < 0.001). Linear regression explained 31.8 % of the variance (R2 = 0.318; p < 0.001). Similarly, mental health score was negatively associated with depression (β = − 0.45, p < 0.001) and panic syndrome (β = − 0.07, p < 0.001) and positively associated with male gender (β = 0.10, p < 0.015) and better financial status (β = 0.13, p < 0.001). Linear regression explained 45.5 % of the variance (R2 = 0.455; p < 0.001).
In family medicine, special attention should be directed to major depression, panic syndrome and number of chronic somatic diseases as they are associated with poorer quality of life.