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01.07.2013 | original article | Ausgabe 13-14/2013

Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 13-14/2013

Primary care of patients with high cardiovascular risk

Blood pressure, lipid and diabetic target levels and their achievement in Hungary

Zeitschrift:
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift > Ausgabe 13-14/2013
Autoren:
MSc Endre Szigethy, Zoltán Jancsó, Csaba Móczár, István Ilyés, Eszter Kovács, László Róbert Kolozsvári, PhD, MSc Imre Rurik
Wichtige Hinweise
On behalf of the Tutorial Network of Family Physicians of North and East Hungary

Summary

Cardiovascular diseases are responsible for the majority of premature deaths in Hungary as well. Most of them could be prevented with healthy lifestyle of patients and adequate drug prescription of primary care physicians. Earlier European surveys found wide differences between the practices and achievements of different countries in this field.
The study was based on and designed according to the framework of previous European Action on Secondary and Primary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE) studies and aimed presenting Hungarian results and comparing with the achievements of other countries and previous Hungarian surveys. Among rural and urban settings, 679 patients under continuous care (236 diabetics, 218 with dyslipidaemia, and 225 with hypertension) were consecutively selected by 20 experienced general practitioners. The mean age of patients was 60.3 years (men) and 64.0 years (women).
Among diabetics, less than 7 % of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values were found in 42.5 % patients, while only 11.4 % patients had fasting plasma sugar less than 6.0 mmol/L. Of the patients treated for dyslipidaemia, the target level of triglyceride was reached by 40.6 %, recommended total cholesterol by 14.2 % and the HDL-cholesterol by 71.8 %. The therapeutic control of total and HDL-cholesterol was better in men, although women had better triglyceride values.
The achievement among patients with hypertension was 42.0 %. Significantly higher blood pressure was measured by patients who were treated with not recommended combinations of antihypertensive medication.
A remarkable improvement could be observed in Hungary in the field of secondary prevention. It was greater among patients with hypertension and dyslipidaemia and smaller in diabetes care. Compared to the results of published European surveys, Hungary occupies a good position, but further improvement is still required.

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