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In the past decade, the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Health Technology Assessment (LBI-HTA) has introduced two programs: “Horizon Scanning in Oncology” (HSO) and extra medical services (“MELs”), which are to facilitate coverage decisions based on early assessments. This article aims to outline the general process and methods within these two programs.
A narrative-descriptive synthesis of the literature was performed to outline the general and LBI-HTA-specific processes and methods of early assessments.
In total, 79 HSO assessments (2009–2018) and 95 MELs (2008–2018) have been conducted by the LBI-HTA. Recently, additional methods that contribute to European applicability have been introduced into these programs.
Overall, pre-coverage decisions based on early assessment reports are dependent on the existing evidence. However, the organisation of the health care system and the cross-linking between decision-makers and HTA institutions can have an impact.