In this study to identify prognostic biomarkers for ischemic stroke (IS) outcome, we monitored monocyte number and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1) concentration in peripheral blood of 44 patients with IS during the week following IS. According to the severity of IS, patients were allocated to three groups: patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA), patients with National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≤ 12, and patients with NIHSS > 12. In patients with NIHSS > 12 statistically significant increased number of monocytes was observed on day 7. MCP-1 plasma concentration initially increased, decreased at day 3 in patients with NIHSS > 12 and increased and restored on day 7. A negative correlation between the number of monocytes and MCP-1 concentration was observed on day 3 after IS. Higher day-7 MCP-1 level was associated with higher modified Rankin Scale (mRS) value (indicating worse outcome) at 90 days post-IS in patients with NIHSS > 12. Our findings suggest that number of monocytes and plasma MCP-1 level could be clinical prognostic biomarkers as early predictors of disease outcome in patients with IS.