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Erschienen in: neuropsychiatrie 3/2020

03.03.2020 | original article

Moderator effect of sex in the clustering of treatment-seeking patients with gambling problems

verfasst von: Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Mònica Giménez, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Teresa Mena-Moreno, Laura Moragas, Marta Baño, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Marta de Gracia, Isabel Baenas-Soto, S. Fabrizio Contaldo, Eduardo Valenciano-Mendoza, Bernat Mora-Maltas, Hibai López-González, José M. Menchón, Fernando Fernández-Aranda

Erschienen in: neuropsychiatrie | Ausgabe 3/2020

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Summary

Background

There are no studies based on a person-centered approach addressing sex-related differences in the characteristics of treatment-seeking patients with gambling disorder (GD). The main objective of the current study is to identify empirical clusters of GD based on several measures of the severity of gambling behavior, and considering the potential role of patient sex as a moderator.

Methods

An agglomerative hierarchical clustering method was applied to an adult sample of 512 treatment-seeking patients (473 men and 39 women) by using a combination of the Schwarz Bayesian Information Criterion and log-likelihood function.

Results

Three clusters were identified in the subsample of men: cluster M1 (low-mild gambling severity level, 9.1%), cluster M2 (moderate level, 60.9%), and cluster M3 (severe level, 30.0%). In the women subsample, two clusters emerged: cluster W1 (mild-moderate level, 64.1%), and cluster W2 (severe level, 35.9%). The most severe GD profiles were related to being single, multiple gambling preference for nonstrategic plus strategic games, early onset of the gambling activity, higher impulsivity levels, higher dysfunctional scores in the personality traits of harm avoidance, and self-directedness, and higher number of lifespan stressful life events (SLE). Differences between the empirical men and women clusters were found in different sociodemographic and clinical measurements.

Conclusions

Men and women have distinct profiles regarding gambling severity that can be identified by a clustering approach. The sociodemographic and clinical characterization of each cluster by sex may help to establish specific preventive and treatment interventions.
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Metadaten
Titel
Moderator effect of sex in the clustering of treatment-seeking patients with gambling problems
verfasst von
Susana Jiménez-Murcia
Roser Granero
Mònica Giménez
Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez
Gemma Mestre-Bach
Teresa Mena-Moreno
Laura Moragas
Marta Baño
Jéssica Sánchez-González
Marta de Gracia
Isabel Baenas-Soto
S. Fabrizio Contaldo
Eduardo Valenciano-Mendoza
Bernat Mora-Maltas
Hibai López-González
José M. Menchón
Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Publikationsdatum
03.03.2020
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
neuropsychiatrie / Ausgabe 3/2020
Print ISSN: 0948-6259
Elektronische ISSN: 2194-1327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40211-020-00341-1

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