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01.10.2014 | original article | Ausgabe 4/2014

Spektrum der Augenheilkunde 4/2014

Lacrimal sac dacryolith: an unusual case of epiphora?

Zeitschrift:
Spektrum der Augenheilkunde > Ausgabe 4/2014
Autoren:
MD, PhD, MBA Pavel Kominek, MD Stanislav Červenka, MD Karol Zeleník, Dr. Šárka Doškářová, Ing MD Karel Lach, PhD Dr. Zdeněk Švagera, MD, PhD Petr Matoušek

Summary

Background

To evaluate whether the presence of dacryolith is a predictive factor for successful endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (EDCR), to present findings from morphological, chemical, and mineralogic analysis of dacryoliths.

Methods

The surgical results of patients with (group I) and without dacryoliths (group II) were compared 1 year post surgery. Dacryoliths were examined with atomic infrared spectrometry, amino acid analysis, and scanning electron microscopy.

Results

A total of 771 EDCRs performed from 1994 to 2013 were evaluated. Dacryolith was found in 89/875 procedures (10.2 %). Complete improvement was achieved significantly more frequently in group I (89/89; 100.0 %) than in group II (714/785; 90.8 %; p < 0.001). EDCRs were performed more frequently in people aged 31–50. All the dacryoliths were soft, composed of organic material, including proteins and mucoproteins, with 20 % amino acid content. The stones were composed of lobes and lobules built on an amorphous core material with small cavities. The most frequent elements found in inorganic inclusions were silicon, magnesium, and sulfur.

Conclusions

The presence of dacroliths is a predictive factor for successful endonasal DCR. Dacryoliths are composed almost exclusively of organic material, including proteins and mucoproteins, with approximately 20 % amino acid content.

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