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Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 2/2016

01.04.2016 | leitlinien für die praxis

Körperliche Aktivität und Training in der Prävention und Therapie des Typ 2 Diabetes mellitus

verfasst von: Claudia Francesconi, Christian Lackinger, Raimund Weitgasser, Paul Haber, Josef Niebauer

Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift | Sonderheft 2/2016

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Zusammenfassung

Lebensstil generell (Ernährung, Bewegung, Rauchverhalten) hat neben der genetischen Prädisposition einen starken Einfluss auf die Entwicklung eines Typ 2 Diabetes. Körperliches Training im Speziellen hat die Potenz nicht nur positiven Einfluss auf die Glykämie durch Verbesserung der Insulinresistenz und funktionelle Verbesserung der Insulinsekretion zu nehmen, sondern ist auch in der Lage das kardiovaskuläre Risiko zu senken.
Für einen substanziellen gesundheitlichen Nutzen sind wöchentlich mindestens 150 min aerobe körperliche Aktivität mit mittlerer oder höherer Intensität und zusätzlich muskelkräftigende Bewegungen erforderlich. Der positive Effekt von Bewegung steht in direktem Verhältnis zum Grad der erreichten kardiorespiratorischen Fitness der erreicht wird und hält nur so lange an, wie diese aufrecht erhalten werden kann. Der Effekt von Bewegung ist alters- und geschlechtsunabhängig und reproduzierbar.
Basierend auf der Evidenz betreffend Beratung und Verordnung möchte die Österreichische Diabetes Gesellschaft die Position eines Bewegungsberaters in die Behandlung integrieren.
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Metadaten
Titel
Körperliche Aktivität und Training in der Prävention und Therapie des Typ 2 Diabetes mellitus
verfasst von
Claudia Francesconi
Christian Lackinger
Raimund Weitgasser
Paul Haber
Josef Niebauer
Publikationsdatum
01.04.2016
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift / Ausgabe Sonderheft 2/2016
Print ISSN: 0043-5325
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-7671
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-015-0923-3

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