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Wiener klinische Wochenschrift OnlineFirst articles

11.01.2021 | original article

A clinical retrospective study of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy without guide wire for critically ill patients

Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a simple technique that can be performed at the bedside safely and quickly with local anesthesia to create an artificial airway for critically ill patients [ 1 ]. Ciaglia et al. reported the classic …

MD Xiu-Yu Du, MM Xiao-Dong Zhai, MM Zhi Liu

09.01.2021 | original article

Septoplasties are unlikely to cause postoperative numbness of the anterior palate

In otolaryngology, the procedures of a septoplasty (SP) or a septorhinoplasty (SRP) are commonly performed [ 1 ]. The techniques developed over time and many revolutionize with new ideas up until today. Certainly, since no nasal septum and …

Alexandros Andrianakis, Magdalena Bachlechner, Josef Kainz, Valentin Herber, Michael Payer, Peter Valentin Tomazic

04.01.2021 | review article Open Access

Development of sustainable research excellence with a global perspective on infectious diseases: Centre de Recherches Médicales de Lambaréné (CERMEL), Gabon

Medical research in sub-Saharan Africa is of high priority for societies to respond adequately to local health needs. Often enough it remains a challenge to build up capacity in infrastructure and human resources to highest international standards …

Michael Ramharter, Selidji T. Agnandji, Ayôla A. Adegnika, Bertrand Lell, Ghyslain Mombo-Ngoma, Martin P. Grobusch, Matthew McCall, Riko Muranaka, Andrea Kreidenweiss, Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan, Meral Esen, Frieder Schaumburg, Abraham Alabi, Christiane Druml, Benjamin Mordmüller, Carsten Köhler, Peter G. Kremsner

04.01.2021 | Clinical-Pathological Conference Open Access

Clinical-Pathological Conference Series from the Medical University of Graz

Case No 173: A 77-year-old patient with adenocarcinoma of the prostate, liver metastases and watery diarrhea

On admission, the patient with a body weight of 76 kg and body height of 185 cm appeared dehydrated. He was afebrile and his blood pressure was 110/70 mm Hg. The nephrostomy scar on his right flank was unremarkable, fecal occult blood test was …

MD, PhD, MSc, BSc Elisabeth Fabian, MD Patrizia Kump, MD Dietmar Schiller, MD, PhD Iva Brcic, MD Christine Gruber, MD Philipp U. Heitz, MD Günter Klöppel, MD Rainer W. Lipp, MD Farid Moinfar, MD Rainer Schöfl, MD Peter Fickert, MD, AGAF, MWGO Guenter J. Krejs

28.12.2020 | original article

Relationship between serum osteopontin levels and the severity of COVID-19 infection

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), as named by the World Health Organization, is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This novel virus is a member of coronavirus family, which includes SARS-CoV and Middle East …

Associate Professor Ceyhun Varım, Assistant Professor Taner Demirci, Hasret Cengiz, Associate Professor İlhan Hacıbekiroğlu, Fatima Betul Tuncer, Erdem Çokluk, Hande Toptan, Professor Oguz Karabay, İlhan Yıldırım

22.12.2020 | original article Open Access

Effectiveness of focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome

A randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study

The carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy in the general population. It is a condition caused by compression of the median nerve. Most cases of CTS are idiopathic leading to chronic pressure increase and …

Christina Gesslbauer, Michael Mickel, Othmar Schuhfried, Dominikus Huber, Mohammad Keilani, MMSc, MBA Univ.-Prof. Dr. Richard Crevenna

22.12.2020 | letter to the editors

Incidental findings of clinical relevance

BSC Dr. Bernhard Michael Trabauer, Dr. Kyra Szag, MBA Prim. Priv.-Doz. Dr. Wolfgang Krampla

22.12.2020 | original article Open Access

Direct patient-physician communication via a hepatitis C hotline facilitates treatment initiation in patients with poor adherence

With an estimated global prevalence of 71.1 million people affected, chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains one of the leading causes of cirrhosis, liver-related death and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide [ 1 ]. In Europe and the USA …

M.D. Lisa Steininger, M.D. David Chromy, M.D. David Bauer, M.D. Benedikt Simbrunner, M.D. Teresa Binter, M.D. Philipp Schwabl, M.D. Caroline Schmidbauer, M.D. Michael Trauner, M.D. Michael Gschwantler, M.D., PhD Mattias Mandorfer, M.D. Thomas Reiberger

22.12.2020 | short report

Sex and age differences in COVID-19 mortality in Europe

Despite the fact that women suffer greater morbidity than men, particularly late in life [ 1 ], women outlive men in almost all countries of the world [ 2 ]. This is the case even under the harshest conditions where mortality is very high, e.g.

Linda Juel Ahrenfeldt, Martina Otavova, Kaare Christensen, Rune Lindahl-Jacobsen

21.12.2020 | original article

Establishing a telerehabilitation program for patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy in the COVID-19 pandemic

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is one of the most severe and commonly diagnosed neuromuscular dystrophies. The etiology of this congenital X‑linked disease affecting 1 in 3500–6000 boys, are mainly deletions, duplications or point mutations of …

PT, PhD Agnieszka Sobierajska-Rek, PT, Msc Łukasz Mański, MD, PhD Joanna Jabłońska-Brudło, MD, PhD Karolina Śledzińska, MD Aleksandra Ucińska, MD Professor Jolanta Wierzba

17.12.2020 | original article Open Access

Integrating public health policies in the epidemiological modeling of hepatitis C with LEHC tool: application in Austria

Hepatitis C is a silent disease that afflicts people all over the globe. This virus affects people according to unknown timetables, which imposes an important role on health services in terms of human resources, technology and capital. Its …

PhD, MMgT, Psy.D Henrique Lopes, PhD (c), CIDS, MD Ricardo Baptista-Leite, MCS Diogo Franco, MD Roxana Pirker, MD Professor of Medicine Michael Gschwantler

17.12.2020 | review article

Prevalence of neuropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes in Iran

A systematic review and meta-analysis

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in developing countries is increasing and has become a global problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported it as a hidden epidemic, due to the increasing incidence of diabetes in the world [ 1 , 2 ].

MD Dariush Afshari Aliabadi, MD Nasrin Moradian, MSc Elham Rahmanian, MSc Masoud Mohammadi

16.12.2020 | review article Open Access

Immunotherapy and vaccination against infectious diseases

Due to the overuse of antibiotics, infections, in particular those caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria, are becoming more and more frequent. Despite the worldwide introduction of antibiotic therapy, vaccines and constant improvements in …

Dr. med. Meinolf Ebbers, PD Dr. med. habil. Christoph J. Hemmer, MME Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Brigitte Müller-Hilke, MBA Prof. Dr. Emil C. Reisinger

11.12.2020 | original article Open Access

Towards understanding vaccine hesitancy and vaccination refusal in Austria

In Austria, data on vaccine hesitancy is scarce. Available studies suggest around 1-11% of parents refuse vaccination, while many more are hesitant and consider refraining from some but not all of the recommended vaccinations. However, the key …

Anja Bauer, Daniel Tiefengraber, Ursula Wiedermann

10.12.2020 | original article Open Access

Personal protective equipment in the COVID-19 pandemic and the use of cooling-wear as alleviator of thermal stress

A pilot study in plastic surgery staff members

Several professions require the performance in high-temperature scenarios leading to physical stress, ultimately affecting human performance [ 1 ]. For instance, medical personnel in the care of patients suffering from potentially dangerous and …

MD Hanna Luze, MD Sebastian P. Nischwitz, PhD, MSc Petra Kotzbeck, MSc Julia Fink, MD Judith C. J. Holzer, MD Daniel Popp, MD, PhD, MSc Lars-Peter Kamolz

09.12.2020 | original article Open Access

Molecularly guided treatment of metastatic parotid gland carcinoma in adults

Salivary gland carcinomas (SGC) comprise rare heterogeneous malignancies that account for only 5% of all head and neck cancers. The SGCs are classified into 24 subtypes according to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition. Likewise, the …

MD Hossein Taghizadeh, MD, PhD Leonhard Müllauer, PhD Robert M. Mader, MD Thorsten Füreder, MD Prof. Gerald W. Prager

09.12.2020 | original article Open Access

What sports activity levels are achieved in long-term survivors with modular endoprosthetic humerus reconstruction following primary bone sarcoma resection?

The proximal humerus is the third most common site of primary bone sarcomas [ 1 ]. Endoprosthetic reconstruction is a successful treatment option for limb reconstruction after bone tumor resection or metastatic disease of the humerus [ 2 – 6 ].

MD Nikolaus W. Lang, MD Maximilian F. Kasparek, MD Lukas Synak, MD Wenzel Waldstein, MD Philipp T. Funovics, MD Reinhard Windhager, MD Gerhard M. Hobusch

09.12.2020 | original article

Effect of early oseltamivir on outpatients without hypoxia with suspected COVID-19

In late December 2019, an outbreak of an emerging coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) started in Wuhan, China and rapidly spread in China and outside [ 1 , 2 ]. The Governor of …

MD, PhD Satoru Chiba

09.12.2020 | original article

Sociodemographic predictors of pain in old people

Serbian population-based study

With the growing increase in the old proportion of the world population, there is also an increase in specific age-related chronic diseases and conditions, including pain [ 1 , 2 ].

Milena Santric Milicevic, MD, PhD, FEBPRM Dejan Nikolic, Milena Kostadinovic, Uros Babic, Milica Mitrovic-Jovanovic, Filip Milanovic, Andrej Bavec

09.12.2020 | review article

Effect of music on patients with cardiovascular diseases and during cardiovascular interventions

A systematic review

The therapeutic effects of music have been known for thousands of years [ 1 ]; however, it remains unclear how music affects the human body. Most hypotheses assume that music, in addition to its conscious perception, influences the autonomic and …

Chen-Yu Ho, Paul Wexberg, Birke Schneider, Claudia Stöllberger