Percutaneous ablation techniques offer a vast armamentarium for local, minimally invasive treatment of liver tumors, nowadays representing an established therapeutic option, which is integrated in treatment algorithms, especially for non-resectable liver tumors. The results of ablative treatment compare very well to surgical treatment in liver lesions, and confirm that these techniques are a valuable option for bridging for transplantation. Different techniques have been established to perform tumor ablation, and the feasibility varies according to the procedure and technical skills of the operator, depending on the size and location of the liver lesion. In recent years, stereotactic multi-needle techniques using 3D trajectory planning, general anesthesia, and tube disconnection during needle placement have had a strong impact on the application range of ablation for liver tumors.
It is well known that creating a sufficient ablation margin and overlapping ablation zones is one key issue to enable ablation of large liver lesions with tumor-free margins (A0 ablation in analogy to R0 resection). Image fusion during treatment and follow-up assure highly accurate staging procedures and interventional planning.
Review on the standards in ablation techniques for the treatment of liver tumors. Update on different ablation techniques, indications, and contraindications for percutaneous liver tumor treatment. Summary of recently published reports on liver tumor ablation.