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Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) represents a diabetes type which has an enormous clinical impact. It significantly alters treatment, refines a patient’s prognosis and enables early detection of diabetes in relatives. Nevertheless, when diabetes is manifested the vast majority of MODY patients are not correctly diagnosed, but mostly falsely included among patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, in many cases permanently. The aim of this article is to offer a simple and comprehensible guide for recognizing individuals with MODY hidden among adult patients with another type of long-term diabetes and in women with gestational diabetes.