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07.10.2020 | case report | Ausgabe 15-16/2020 Open Access

Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift 15-16/2020

Hemiagenesis of the thyroid gland detected by coincidence—what is the clinical relevance?

Case report and review of the literature

Zeitschrift:
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift > Ausgabe 15-16/2020
Autoren:
Prim. Univ.-Prof. Dr. Peter Mikosch, Verena Weixlbaumer, Michael Irrgang, Adrian Aistleitner, Eva Trifina-Mikosch
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Summary

Hemiagenesis of the thyroid gland (THA) represents a rare congenital anomaly. It is characterized by the absence of one thyroid lobe, and sometimes the isthmus as well. It can occur with all kinds of other thyroid pathologies that may be present in the remaining thyroid lobe. A case of a 21-year-old male patient is presented; he sought a thyroid consultation because of hair loss, fatigue, and problems concentrating, thus raising the suspicion of hypothyroidism. Thyroid function was normal, but sonography of the thyroid gland revealed THA of the left lobe and the isthmus. The current knowledge concerning the genesis and the clinical consequences of THA are discussed based on the current literature.

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