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Erschienen in: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift 13-14/2021

06.04.2021 | original article

Evaluation of long-term quitters: who stays smoke free forever?

verfasst von: Dr. Karin Vitzthum, Alicia Drazetic, Anne Markstein, Maggie Rohde, Prof. Dr. Wulf Pankow, PD Dr. MHA Stefanie Mache

Erschienen in: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift | Ausgabe 13-14/2021

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Summary

Background

Smoking cessation is one of the most powerful health promotion tools in the Western world. Behavioral group therapies are regarded as very promising interventions in this field. Quitting rates are usually evaluated after 6–12 months and lie between 30 and 45%. So far, there are no scientific data on potential protective indicators to remain successfully smoke free after this period. Therefore, the aim of this study was to detect the current smoking status of former participants of a cessation service in an urban German surrounding. We investigated reasons for relapses, quitting strategies, and psychosocial parameters.

Methods

In 2019, 130 former patients (2011–2017; mean age 54 years; 37 pack/years; Fagerstroem = 5.75; 58.5% male, 41.5% female; 66% physical comorbidities; 35% psychiatric diagnoses) were invited to participate in a mailed survey (including WHO 5, SF 12, self-efficacy scale) and were asked about their current smoking status, personal history of smoking, and individual experiences with stopping after the 1‑year abstinence date.

Results

A total of 53 persons replied (RR 41%), 29 (54%) of whom are currently smoke free; 24 relapsed intermittently or permanently, 9 experimented with e‑cigarettes, and 2 became dual users. Daily hassles as well as physical and mental challenges were the main reasons for relapsing.

Conclusion

Due to the low response rate, conclusions are limited; however, the 1‑year abstinence rate might not be as reliable as thought so far; long-term “sober” nicotine addicts remain at risk of relapse.
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Metadaten
Titel
Evaluation of long-term quitters: who stays smoke free forever?
verfasst von
Dr. Karin Vitzthum
Alicia Drazetic
Anne Markstein
Maggie Rohde
Prof. Dr. Wulf Pankow
PD Dr. MHA Stefanie Mache
Publikationsdatum
06.04.2021
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift / Ausgabe 13-14/2021
Print ISSN: 0043-5341
Elektronische ISSN: 1563-258X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10354-020-00797-4