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01.04.2017 | original article | Ausgabe 2/2017 Open Access

European Surgery 2/2017

Endoscopic-assisted linea alba reconstruction

New technique for treatment of symptomatic umbilical, trocar, and/or epigastric hernias with concomitant rectus abdominis diastasis

Zeitschrift:
European Surgery > Ausgabe 2/2017
Autoren:
Ferdinand Köckerling, Marinos Damianos Botsinis, Christine Rohde, Wolfgang Reinpold, Christine Schug-Pass

Summary

Background

Patients with symptomatic umbilical, trocar, and/or epigastric hernias and concomitant rectus abdominis diastasis represent a growing clinical problem. The optimal management of this complex hernia situation is the subject of debate in the literature. This paper reports the early results of an innovative surgical technique aimed at managing this hernia situation.

Methods

Endoscopic-assisted linea alba reconstruction (ELAR) with mesh augmentation is a surgical technique long known in the literature for its good outcome for incisional hernia repair (myofascial release, overlapping herniorrhaphy, Gibson’s operation, shoelace repair, anterior rectus sheath repair, dynamic patch plasty) via a small access route. The early results for 140 patients are presented here.

Results

Two patients (1.4%) developed postoperative complications requiring redo surgery. These were two cases of diffuse secondary bleeding without an identifiable bleeding source, in one patient with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension and in another patient receiving treatment with platelet aggregation inhibitors. All other complications were successively managed with conservative treatment. After 1 year, two of 30 patients reported occasional pain, including pain at rest in one patient.

Conclusion

The ELAR technique with mesh augmentation is an innovative, minimally invasive surgical procedure for treatment of patients with a complex abdominal wall hernia comprising symptomatic umbilical, trocar, and/or epigastric hernias with concomitant rectus abdominis diastasis.
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