Informed consent was obtained from the patient for being included in the study.
A 78-year-old male patient with unilateral exudative macular degeneration developed endogenous endophthalmitis 11 days after carotid endarterectomy. The endophthalmitis could not be treated by intravitreal application of antibiotics. The patient underwent vitrectomy and systemic application of vancomycin. Six days later, the eye was quiet and the patient was discharged with a visual acuity of 0.9 logMAR.
Patients with exudative macular degeneration have a higher risk for developing endogenous endophthalmitis after vascular surgery of the carotid arteries and prolonged postoperative application of systemic antibiotics might be considered in these patients.