To document utilization of lipid-lowering therapy, attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol target values, and cardiovascular outcomes in patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome in Germany.
The Dyslipidemia International Study II was a multicenter, observational study of the prevalence of dyslipidemia and lipid target value attainment in patients surviving any acute coronary syndrome event. Among patients on lipid-lowering therapy for ≥3 months, use of lipid-lowering therapy and lipid profiles were assessed at admission and again at 120 ± 15 days after admission (the follow-up time point). Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify variables predictive of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol target value attainment in patients using lipid-lowering therapy.
A total of 461 patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome were identified, 270 (58.6%) of whom were on lipid-lowering therapy at admission. Among patients on lipid-lowering therapy, 90.7% and 85.9% were receiving statin monotherapy at admission and follow-up, respectively. Mean (SD) low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in patients on lipid-lowering therapy were 101 (40) mg/dl and 95 (30) mg/dl at admission and follow-up, respectively. In patients with data at both admission and follow-up (n = 61), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol target value attainment rates were the same (19.7%) at both time points. Smoking was associated with a 77% lower likelihood of attaining the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol target value.
Hospitalization for an acute event does not greatly alter lipid management in acute coronary syndrome patients in Germany. Both lipid-lowering therapy doses and rates of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol target value attainment remained essentially the same several months after the event.