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18.04.2018 | short report | Ausgabe 7-8/2018 Open Access

Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 7-8/2018

DiGeorge syndrome

Relevance of psychiatric symptoms in undiagnosed adult patients

Zeitschrift:
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift > Ausgabe 7-8/2018
Autoren:
Christoph Kraus, Thomas Vanicek, Ana Weidenauer, Tav Khanaqa, Mara Stamenkovic, Rupert Lanzenberger, Matthäus Willeit, Siegfried Kasper

Summary

DiGeorge syndrome or 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is one of the most common genetic microdeletion syndromes in humans. In addition to physical manifestations, DiGeorge syndrome is associated with a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders, such as intellectual disability, schizophrenia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Usually, the diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome is made in early childhood. This article reports on the late diagnosis of a patient with panic disorder and comorbid major depression at the age of 51. Since genetic testing was not available before the 1990s, there might be many over 40-year-old patients, who remained undiagnosed. Psychiatric symptoms exhibit distinctive developmental trajectories and many of these exhibit an increase in incidence during adulthood. Hence, undiagnosed adult DiGeorge patients might present in psychiatric services. As in this case, a correct diagnosis of DiGeorge syndrome in adults may help to improve treatment and outcome.
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