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Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 1/2019

12.04.2019 | leitlinien für die praxis

Diabetes mellitus – Definition, Klassifikation, Diagnose, Screening und Prävention (Update 2019)

verfasst von: Jürgen Harreiter, Univ. Prof. Dr. DDr. h.c. Michael Roden

Erschienen in: Wiener klinische Wochenschrift | Sonderheft 1/2019

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Zusammenfassung

Diabetes mellitus bezeichnet eine Gruppe von heterogenen Erkrankungen, deren gemeinsamer Befund die Erhöhung der Blutglukosekonzentration ist. Die gegenwärtige Klassifikation des Diabetes mellitus wird dargestellt, und die wesentlichen Merkmale von Typ-1- und Typ-2-Diabetes werden gegenübergestellt. Darüber hinaus werden die Kriterien für die korrekte biochemische Diagnose unter Nüchternbedingungen und im oralen Glukosetoleranztest sowie die Anwendung des Hämoglobin A1c (HbA1c) zusammengefasst. Die zunehmende Prävalenz des Diabetes erfordert zudem gezieltes Screening zur Erkennung von Diabetes und Prädiabetes in Risikogruppen. Dies bildete die Grundlage für die frühzeitige Einleitung von Maßnahmen zur Prävention der Manifestation des Diabetes in diesen Risikogruppen und Verzögerung der Diabetesprogression.
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Metadaten
Titel
Diabetes mellitus – Definition, Klassifikation, Diagnose, Screening und Prävention (Update 2019)
verfasst von
Jürgen Harreiter
Univ. Prof. Dr. DDr. h.c. Michael Roden
Publikationsdatum
12.04.2019
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift / Ausgabe Sonderheft 1/2019
Print ISSN: 0043-5325
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-7671
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00508-019-1450-4