Skip to main content
Erschienen in:

06.09.2022 | Freies Thema

Critical-Illness-Polyneuropathie und -Myopathie

verfasst von: Prim. PD Dr. Nenad Mitrovic, OA Dr. Stefan Neuwersch-Sommeregger

Erschienen in: Schmerz Nachrichten | Ausgabe 3/2022

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Auszug

Diverse neurologische Erkrankungen mit dem Leitsymptom Muskelschwäche werden auf einer Intensiveinheit (ICU) behandelt. Patient*innen mit multipler Sklerose, Guillain-Barré-Syndrom, amyotropher Lateralsklerose, Myasthenia gravis oder einer Myositis machen jedoch weniger als 1 % der Einweisungsdiagnosen auf einer ICU aus. Wesentlich häufiger tritt eine Muskelschwäche im Rahmen des Intensivaufenthalts auf. …
Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat Friedrich O, Reid MB, Van den Berghe G, et al. The sick and the weak: neuropathies/myopathies in the critically ill. Physiol Rev. 2015;95:1025–109.CrossRef Friedrich O, Reid MB, Van den Berghe G, et al. The sick and the weak: neuropathies/myopathies in the critically ill. Physiol Rev. 2015;95:1025–109.CrossRef
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Koch S, Bierbrauer J, Haas K, et al. Critical illness polyneuropathy in ICU patients is related to reduced motor nerve excitability caused by reduced sodium permeability. Intensive Care Med Exp. 2016;4(1):10.CrossRef Koch S, Bierbrauer J, Haas K, et al. Critical illness polyneuropathy in ICU patients is related to reduced motor nerve excitability caused by reduced sodium permeability. Intensive Care Med Exp. 2016;4(1):10.CrossRef
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Latronico N, Peli E, Botteri M. Critical illness myopathy and neuropathy. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2005;11(2):126–32.CrossRef Latronico N, Peli E, Botteri M. Critical illness myopathy and neuropathy. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2005;11(2):126–32.CrossRef
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Rich MM, Pinter MJ, Kraner SD, et al. Loss of electrical excitability in an animal model of acute quadriplegic myopathy. Ann Neurol. 1998;43(2):171–9.CrossRef Rich MM, Pinter MJ, Kraner SD, et al. Loss of electrical excitability in an animal model of acute quadriplegic myopathy. Ann Neurol. 1998;43(2):171–9.CrossRef
5.
Zurück zum Zitat Mozaffar T, Haddad F, Zeng M, et al. Molecular and cellular defects of skeletal muscle in an animal model of acute quadriplegic myopathy. Muscle Nerve. 2007;35(1):55–65.CrossRef Mozaffar T, Haddad F, Zeng M, et al. Molecular and cellular defects of skeletal muscle in an animal model of acute quadriplegic myopathy. Muscle Nerve. 2007;35(1):55–65.CrossRef
6.
Zurück zum Zitat Fan E, Cheek F, Chlan L, et al. An official American Thoracic Society clinical practice guideline: the diagnosis of intensive care unit-acquired weakness in adults. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014;190(12):1437–46.CrossRef Fan E, Cheek F, Chlan L, et al. An official American Thoracic Society clinical practice guideline: the diagnosis of intensive care unit-acquired weakness in adults. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014;190(12):1437–46.CrossRef
7.
Zurück zum Zitat Lacomis D, Shefner JM, Dashe JF. Neuromuscular weakness related to critical illness. UpToDate. 2022. Zugegriffen: 01.08.2022. Lacomis D, Shefner JM, Dashe JF. Neuromuscular weakness related to critical illness. UpToDate. 2022. Zugegriffen: 01.08.2022.
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Parry SM, Berney S, Granger CL, et al. A new two-tier strength assessment approach to the diagnosis of weakness in intensive care: an observational study. Crit Care. 2015;19(1):52.CrossRef Parry SM, Berney S, Granger CL, et al. A new two-tier strength assessment approach to the diagnosis of weakness in intensive care: an observational study. Crit Care. 2015;19(1):52.CrossRef
9.
Zurück zum Zitat Vanhorebeek I, Latronico N, Van den Berghe G. ICU-acquired weakness. Intensive Care Med. 2020;46(4):637–53.CrossRef Vanhorebeek I, Latronico N, Van den Berghe G. ICU-acquired weakness. Intensive Care Med. 2020;46(4):637–53.CrossRef
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Formenti P, Umbrello M, Coppola S, et al. Clinical review: peripheral muscular ultrasound in the ICU. Ann Intensive Care. 2019;9(1):57.CrossRef Formenti P, Umbrello M, Coppola S, et al. Clinical review: peripheral muscular ultrasound in the ICU. Ann Intensive Care. 2019;9(1):57.CrossRef
11.
Zurück zum Zitat Latronico N, Bertolini G, Guarneri B, et al. Simplified electrophysiological evaluation of peripheral nerves in critically ill patients: the Italian multi-centre CRIMYNE study. Crit Care. 2007;11(1):R11.CrossRef Latronico N, Bertolini G, Guarneri B, et al. Simplified electrophysiological evaluation of peripheral nerves in critically ill patients: the Italian multi-centre CRIMYNE study. Crit Care. 2007;11(1):R11.CrossRef
12.
Zurück zum Zitat Senger D, Erbguth F. Critical illness myopathy and polyneuropathy. Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed. 2017;112:589–96.CrossRef Senger D, Erbguth F. Critical illness myopathy and polyneuropathy. Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed. 2017;112:589–96.CrossRef
13.
Zurück zum Zitat Zhou C, Wu L, Ni F, et al. Critical illness polyneuropathy and myopathy: a systematic review. Neural Regen Res. 2014;9:101–10.CrossRef Zhou C, Wu L, Ni F, et al. Critical illness polyneuropathy and myopathy: a systematic review. Neural Regen Res. 2014;9:101–10.CrossRef
14.
Zurück zum Zitat Hermans G, Wilmer A, Meersseman W, et al. Impact of intensive insulin therapy on neuromuscular complications and ventilator dependency in the medical intensive care unit. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007;175:480–9.CrossRef Hermans G, Wilmer A, Meersseman W, et al. Impact of intensive insulin therapy on neuromuscular complications and ventilator dependency in the medical intensive care unit. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007;175:480–9.CrossRef
15.
Zurück zum Zitat Friedrich O. Critical illness myopathy: sepsis-mediated failure of the peripheral nervous system. Eur J Anaesthesiol Suppl. 2008;42:73–82.CrossRef Friedrich O. Critical illness myopathy: sepsis-mediated failure of the peripheral nervous system. Eur J Anaesthesiol Suppl. 2008;42:73–82.CrossRef
16.
Zurück zum Zitat Bolton CF, Laverty DA, Brown JD, et al. Critically ill polyneuropathy: electrophysiological studies and differentiation from Guillain-Barre syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1986;49:563–73.CrossRef Bolton CF, Laverty DA, Brown JD, et al. Critically ill polyneuropathy: electrophysiological studies and differentiation from Guillain-Barre syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1986;49:563–73.CrossRef
18.
Zurück zum Zitat Hermans G, De Jonghe B, Bruyninckx F, et al. Interventions for preventing critical illness polyneuropathy and critical illness myopathy. Cochrane Database Syst., Bd. Rev:CD006832. 2009. Hermans G, De Jonghe B, Bruyninckx F, et al. Interventions for preventing critical illness polyneuropathy and critical illness myopathy. Cochrane Database Syst., Bd. Rev:CD006832. 2009.
19.
Zurück zum Zitat Needham DM. Mobilizing patients in the intensive care unit: improving neuromuscular weakness and physical function. JAMA. 2008;300:1685–90.CrossRef Needham DM. Mobilizing patients in the intensive care unit: improving neuromuscular weakness and physical function. JAMA. 2008;300:1685–90.CrossRef
20.
Zurück zum Zitat Hermans G, Van Mechelen H, Bruyninckx F, et al. Predictive value for weakness and 1‑year mortality of screening electrophysiology tests in the ICU. Intensive Care Med. 2015;41:2138–48.CrossRef Hermans G, Van Mechelen H, Bruyninckx F, et al. Predictive value for weakness and 1‑year mortality of screening electrophysiology tests in the ICU. Intensive Care Med. 2015;41:2138–48.CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Critical-Illness-Polyneuropathie und -Myopathie
verfasst von
Prim. PD Dr. Nenad Mitrovic
OA Dr. Stefan Neuwersch-Sommeregger
Publikationsdatum
06.09.2022
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Schmerz Nachrichten / Ausgabe 3/2022
Print ISSN: 2076-7625
Elektronische ISSN: 2731-3999
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s44180-022-00063-6

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2022

Schmerz Nachrichten 3/2022 Zur Ausgabe

IASP´s 2022 Global Year For Translating Pain Knowledge to Practice

Nächste Schritte zu besserer Verteilungsgerechtigkeit in Schmerzforschung und -therapie