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01.03.2016 | original article | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

neuropsychiatrie 1/2016

Benefits of group cognitive remediation therapy in anorexia nervosa: case series

Zeitschrift:
neuropsychiatrie > Ausgabe 1/2016
Autoren:
Dr. Kate Tchanturia, Emma Larsson, Amy Brown

Summary

Background

Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) is a treatment targeting cognitive difficulties in psychiatric disorders. CRT has been used with patients with severe anorexia nervosa (AN) in individual and group formats. Research of group CRT in AN is limited.

Methods

Evaluation of a series of CRT groups delivered in inpatient and intensive daycare services was performed. Participants’ self-reported cognitive flexibility and central coherence, as well as motivation to change were assessed pre- and post-group. Additionally, patients’ evaluative feedback was collected after completion of the group.

Results

There was a significant improvement in the patients’ self-reported cognitive flexibility and bigger picture thinking, as well as in their self-efficacy to change. The feedback questionnaires highlighted that patients found the sessions useful and reported confidence in using some of the skills and strategies they learnt in the group.

Conclusion

In line with evidence from small-scale reports, this larger scale case series study indicates that group CRT leads to increased flexibility and bigger picture thinking, as well as improved confidence in the ability to change for participants. CRT in a group format seems to be a practical and helpful intervention for patients with AN in intensive treatment programmes.
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