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Erschienen in: Spektrum der Augenheilkunde 1/2020

12.03.2020 | Augenheilkunde | DFP-Fortbildung

„White-dot-Syndrome“

Grundlagen, Diagnostik und Therapie

verfasst von: Dr. med. Dominika Pohlmann, Sibylle Winterhalter, Uwe Pleyer

Erschienen in: Spektrum der Augenheilkunde | Ausgabe 1/2020

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Zusammenfassung

Die White-dot-Syndrome umfassen eine Gruppe von Erkrankungen, die durch gelb-weißliche oder gräuliche Herde in der äußeren Netzhaut, dem retinalen Pigmentepithel und der Aderhaut, charakterisiert sind. Sowohl klinisch als auch wissenschaftlich betrachtet stellen sie eine diagnostische und therapeutische Herausforderung dar. Zu den White-dot-Syndromen gehören primäre inflammatorische Choriokapillaropathien wie die akute posteriore multifokale plakoide Pigmentepitheliopathie (APMPPE)/akute multifokale ischämische Choriokapillaropathie (AMIC), das „multiple evanescent white-dot-syndrome“ (MEWDS)/„acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement syndrome“ (AIBSE), die multifokale Choroiditis (MFC), die punktförmige innere Choroidopathie (PIC), die serpiginöse Choroiditis (SC), „acute zonal occult outer retinopathy“ (AZOOR) und die akute makuläre Neuroretinopathie (AMN). Zu den primär stromalen Choroiditiden gehört die Birdshot-Retinochoroidopathie (BSRC). Die Pathogenese dieser Erkrankungen ist weitestgehend unbekannt. Immunologische Reaktionen auf vorangegangene virale Infekte bei genetischer Disposition scheinen ein gemeinsamer Nenner zu sein.
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Metadaten
Titel
„White-dot-Syndrome“
Grundlagen, Diagnostik und Therapie
verfasst von
Dr. med. Dominika Pohlmann
Sibylle Winterhalter
Uwe Pleyer
Publikationsdatum
12.03.2020
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Schlagwort
Augenheilkunde
Erschienen in
Spektrum der Augenheilkunde / Ausgabe 1/2020
Print ISSN: 0930-4282
Elektronische ISSN: 1613-7523
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00717-020-00446-6