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01.05.2015 | brief report | Ausgabe 9-10/2015

Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift 9-10/2015

Acute pulmonary edema following liposuction due to heart failure and atypical pneumonia

Zeitschrift:
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift > Ausgabe 9-10/2015
Autoren:
MD Prof. Dr. med. Uwe Wollina, MD Dr. med. Andreas Graf, MD Dr. med. Volkmar Hanisch

Summary

Microcannular liposuction in tumescent anesthesia is the most effective treatment for painful lipedema. Tumescent anesthesia is an established and safe procedure in local analgesia when performed according to guidelines. Major adverse effects are rare. In patients with advanced lipedema, however, the commonly presented comorbidities bear additional risks.
We report on post-surgical acute pulmonary edema after tumescent liposuction according to guidelines in a 52-year-old female patient with lipedema of the legs. We discuss in detail possible scenarios that might be involved in such emergency. In the present case the most likely was a retarded community acquired atypical pneumonia with aggravation of pre-existent comorbidities.
A combined treatment with intravenous b-lactam antibiosis, positive pressure ventilation, and continuous venovenous hemodialysis and filtration resulted in complete remission in a couple of days. In conclusion, tumescent liposuction of advanced lipedema patients should only be performed in well-trained centers with sufficient infrastructure.

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