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Long-term results after open Bankart operation for anterior shoulder instability. A 3- to 16-year fo

The open Bankart procedure is still considered the gold standard for patients with recurrent posttraumatic anterior shoulder instability. The purpose of this retrospective study was to analyze long-term results after open Bankart procedure in 83 patients that were operated between 1987 and 2000 and to evaluate the rate of recurrent instability, level of function and range of motion. The mean follow-up time was 9 (3–16) years. The postoperative recurrence rate including subluxations was 12%. The mean Constant score was 77 and the mean Rowe score was 63. Average loss of external rotation in 90° of abduction was 19°. The results were disappointing in terms of stability and function. In the absence of longterm prospective studies on newer arthroscopic techniques, the decision on the reconstruction method must still be based on the surgeon's experience and the patient's choice.

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