Monocytes and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) as early predictors of disease outcome in patients with cerebral ischemic stroke
In this study to identify prognostic biomarkers for ischemic stroke (IS) outcome, we monitored monocyte number and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1) concentration in peripheral blood of 44 patients with IS during the week following IS. According to the severity of IS, patients were allocated to three groups: patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA), patients with National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≤ 12, and patients with NIHSS > 12. In patients with NIHSS > 12 statistically significant increased number of monocytes was observed on day 7. MCP-1 plasma concentration initially increased, decreased at day 3 in patients with NIHSS > 12 and increased and restored on day 7. A negative correlation between the number of monocytes and MCP-1 concentration was observed on day 3 after IS. Higher day-7 MCP-1 level was associated with higher modified Rankin Scale (mRS) value (indicating worse outcome) at 90 days post-IS in patients with NIHSS > 12. Our findings suggest that number of monocytes and plasma MCP-1 level could be clinical prognostic biomarkers as early predictors of disease outcome in patients with IS.