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Neurologie 1. Juni 2008

Radiosurgery and conventional radiotherapy of brain metastases

Brain metastases are the most common form of brain cancer, occurring in about 25% of all patients with cancer. Typical primary tumours with brain metastases are lung, breast, melanoma, and kidney. Brain metastases are located in the cerebral hemispheres in about 80%, in the cerebellum in 15%, or in the brainstem in 5% of patients [1]. This overview focuses on the application of radiotherapeutic approaches, including whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) and radiosurgery selected on the basis of inherent prognostic factors characterizing the individual patient.

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